To improve Taiwan's water security in the face of intensifying climate change and the mountainous island's limited ability to retain rainwater, the government is constructing infrastructure that will expand new sources of water, economize water, deploy supplies and create backup networks. Aside from optimizing existing facilities and effectively controlling water resources, the government is also strengthening holistic management of drainage basins, connecting regional water supply pipe networks, reinforcing water deployment capacity and promoting artificial sources of water. These initiatives will bolster the capability and resilience of the water supply, building a better water environment from fountain to faucet.
Two major strategies
■ Improve the storage, utilization and flexible deployment of water: At the upstream level where water is collected by the natural landscape, strengthen conservation in catchment areas and reduce siltation in order to increase the storage capacity of water reservoirs. At the midstream level where usable water supplies are developed, build infrastructure for a wide range of water sources including subsurface water, reclaimed water and desalinated seawater. At the downstream level where water is accessed by users, strengthen connections across water pipe infrastructure to improve the flexibility of water resource deployment and usage.
■ Develop artificial sources of water: Promote reclaimed water as a resource for industrial use, reducing the risk of water scarcity for the public. Promote the desalination of seawater, reducing dependence on rainfall. This strategy will increase backup water supplies and ensure more usable water during dry seasons.