Promotion of solar energy

  • Date: 2019-04-18

With an eye toward energy security, the green economy and environmental sustainability, on October 27, 2016 the Executive Yuan approved a plan to promote green energy technology and industry innovation as part of the government’s “five plus two” innovative industries plan, which calls for 20 percent of Taiwan’s energy to come from renewable sources by 2025. Of that 20 percent, nearly two-thirds (66.3 percent) will be solar power. The plan lays a clear path toward achieving this goal: 6.5 gigawatts (GW) of installed capacity by 2020 and by 2025 the full 20 GW, with 3 GW generated by rooftop panels and 17 GW by ground-based systems.

Development strategies

Short term: With the completion of the Two-year Solar PV Promotion Plan—including the construction of demonstration projects, tailoring of rules and regulations, and the simplification of operating procedures—Taiwan installed 1.7 GW of solar power capacity between July 2016 and December 2018. This exceeded the plan’s 1.52 GW goal, and set a solid foundation on which the industry can continue to grow.

Medium term: Building on the experience and success of the Two-year Solar PV Promotion Plan, the government will adopt a raft of measures to continue the optimization of the environment for solar power and the gradual achievement of Taiwan’s 2025 goal of 20 GW of capacity. These measures include taking a dedicated approach to promoting ground-based systems, encouraging industrial parks to increase installation of solar power, continuing the Green Energy Roofs Project, refining laws and regulations governing solar power development, and drafting a 10-year plan for necessary enhancements to distribution and transmission infrastructure for renewable energy. Administrative measures such as single-window service for solar projects and integrated cooperation across multiple ministries and agencies will also help.

Complementary measures: Measures designed to speed the development and build-out of solar power include expanded inventorying of suitable sites, and developing and promoting the PV-ESCO operational model, where energy services companies rent roof space from building owners and then build and manage photovoltaic panel systems on the rooftops. Encouraging banks to offer financing for the installation of solar power, promoting multiple sources of financing, and training personnel in the field of solar power financing are also options.